Now showing items 21-40 of 5777

    • Invasion and Survival of Porphyromonas gingivalis in Human ARPE-19 Cells

      Yuan, Jessie; Swaminathan, Radhika; Cutler, Christopher; Arjunan, Pachiappan; Dentistry (2020-02)
      Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of irreversible vision loss in elderly is associated with several systemic conditions. Recent studies link Periodontal Disease (PD) to AMD. As we demonstrated previously, Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg),a keystone oral-pathobiont that cause periodontitis, invades blood dendritic and gingival epithelial cells. However, there is no evidence that Pg invades retinal-pigment epithelial (RPE) cells. The primary objective of this study is to test whether Pg and its fimbrial-mutants invade human ARPE-19 cells after infection.
    • Tip-to-Target Distance Effect on Irradiance Delivered by Dental Curing Lights

      Klein, Laura; Rueggeberg, Fred; Dentistry (2020-02)
      Dental light curing units (LCUs) are often evaluated using exitance irradiance values. These values do not predict irradiance levels observed at common working distances. This project categorized LCUs by the tip-to-target distances where exitance irradiance dropped by 50%.
    • Comparison of Bulk Fill composite and effectiveness of use by skill of practitioner.

      Patterson, Zachary; Rueggeberg, Fred; Hampton, Mary Cameron; Babb, Courtney; Arce, Roger; Urbanawiz, David; Dentistry (2020-02)
      To compare the brands Fill-Up and Sonic fill and the efficacy of the peripheral seal alone, as well as to the skill levels of novice and experienced practitioners.
    • Optimizing Bond Strength of RMGI and Conventional Composite

      Villalobos, Vanessa; Pate, Charmi; Mettenburg, Don; Rueggeberg, Fred; Bloomquist, Ryan; Dentistry (2020-02)
      The “sandwich technique” of placing resin modified glass ionomer (RMGI) as the initial restorative material increment, followed by overlaying with light-cured composite, is a common clinical procedure. This project evaluated the effects of RMGI surface abrasion as well as dentin bonding agent components on the shear bond strength (SBS) of composite to RMGI.
    • Resin Infiltration and Contouring for an Esthetic Makeover

      Alverson, Benjamin; Romero, Mario; Capehar, Kim; Dentistry (2020-02)
      Using bleaching, Icon resin infiltration technique and a putty matrix to improve esthetics and contour of anterior teeth with mild fluorosis.
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontal Disease

      Wolfe, Hannah; Corley, Morgan; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      The objective is to find a correlation between Periodontal Disease and Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    • Quality of Dental Care at Long-Term Care Facilities

      Crittenden, Erika; Lollie, Renisha; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      To examine whether direct access to dental hygienists in long-term care facilities would improve the oral health of the residents.
    • To seal or To Not Seal

      Jefferson, Tiffany; Verdree, Wakia; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      This project sought to determine why sealants are considered the best preventative method to prevent caries in permanent molars.
    • The Future of Nano-Robots in Dentistry

      Cartledge, Brenna; Watson, Lindsey; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      Micro-robots are being used in the medical field for a variety of procedures, such as: drug delivery and precision therapeutics. This research is used to determine how micro-robots can be incorporated into dentistry.
    • How Effective is Velscope in Dentistry

      Abbkar, Fatima; Atchison, Sherina; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      Velscope is a handheld device that used to detect oral cancer as an adjunct with the intraoral physical examination, using autofluorescence. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the effectiveness of velscope in dentistry.
    • Scaling and Root Planing in Conjunction with Propolis Irrigation

      Kurowski, Ashley; Lowe, Elaine; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      Periodontal Disease is a highly prevalent oral disease in the United States and dental professionals are always seeking a new and improved method to help decrease or arrest the side effects. This research is looking to propose a new innate, financially feasible option for individuals battling periodontal disease.
    • The Effects of Erythritol on Dental Caries and Biofilm

      Carter, Shelby; Gailer, Hannah; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      This project sought to determine the effectiveness of erythritol on the prevention of dental caries and the reduction of dental biofilm.
    • A Dental Hygienist’s Role in Teledentistry

      Harmon, SaDora; Barajas, Tania; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      To educate Teledentistry as the new advancement in Dentistry. To elaborate on the Dental hygienist’s role in this new advancement.
    • The Effects Probiotics Have on The Oral Cavity

      Colbert, Antonisha; Hamm, Marissa; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      The purpose of this literature review is to explore the options of probiotics; to see if they could potentially inhibit the bad bacteria in the oral cavity.
    • Utilizing Salivary Diagnostics to Prevent Oral Disease

      Delagarza Siquian, Kristen; Giacobone, Madison; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      Evaluation of xerostomia should be done at every appointment to assess the patient’s comfort level and implement a preventative care plan by recommending safe and effective products for each patient. By performing salivary diagnostics and using a clinical oral dryness score (CODS), dental hygienists are able to best assess a patient’s needs in order to prevent dental caries, halitosis, periodontal disease, and opportunistic infections.2 By providing an individualized care plan based on each patients’ CODS, dental hygienists can have a positive impact on their patients’ overall oral health.
    • Whitening Alternatives for Patients with Enamel Defects

      Kinsler, Abby; Smeragliuolo, Jenny; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      The purpose of our literature review is to explore the alternative whitening options available to patients who suffer from enamel defects. For moderate to severe cases, most treatment plans include invasive restorations to cover the enamel surface, which may result in tooth sensitivity and a high cost. The benefits of exploring these new techniques offer treatment options to patients that may be less expensive, less invasive, and a timelier treatment time which would result in an improved esthetic appearance faster
    • Oral Manifestations of Crohn’s Disease and its effect on Dental Treatment

      Rudduck, Alannah; Watkins, Meghan; Dental Hygiene (2020-02)
      OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this literature review is to inform dental health care professionals about CD, the oral manifestations that may be present, and what treatment modifications may be necessary. METHODS: To research information for this paper, we using the keywords: “Crohn’s Disease,” “oral manifestations,” and “dental treatment.” We gathered the majority of our articles through PubMed and EBSCO. We narrowed our search criteria by eliminating sources that were greater than five years old and articles that were not peer-reviewed. RESULTS: In order to understand CD, there is a lot that still remains unknown, and much more research needs to be conducted. However, understanding the biomarker in recent studies is the most important factor in any health care profession. The use of interprofessional communication with the patient's nutritionist, physician, and dental health team to determine key factors that are associated with CD is currently very important for further research. It’s theorized that IL12 cytokine stimulation in Th1 mediated upregulation results of IFNY may be the primary factors of CD.4 The reasons why it is significant to be conscious of the signs and symptoms of CD is due to oral inflammation may precede the intestinal manifestations.4 In addition, it’s hypothesized that the inflammatory response of IBD raises the basal cytokine response that induces periodontal disease. Several studies have been looking into this relationship further. Additional studies have recognized that CD patients have higher attribution of periodontal disease, deeper pocket depth, and clinical attachment loss.4 CONCLUSIONS: Treatment alterations to make the patient more comfortable include scheduling short appointments in the morning and allowing time for frequent restroom breaks. Despite having minimal biofilm accumulation, these patients tend to have bleeding on probing, deep periodontal pockets, decay, missing teeth and/or extensive previous dental treatment.3 Thus, clinicians need to regularly monitor caries and periodontal risks to optimize CD patient’s oral health status. Knowledgeable clinicians that recognize CD signs and symptoms should refer patients to their physicians for further diagnosis. It’s believed the more that is learned about CD and other IBD, the more overlap we will see in the oral cavity. Limitations to our research include inconsistent data and misrepresented populations. To best benefit the population, research will need to continue in order to learn more about the disease, development and management, and ways to prevent CD and other IBD, as well as less aggressive treatment options.
    • The Clinical Aspects of Hypophosphatasia

      Baker, Abby; Simpson, Sage; Dental Hygiene (2020-02-13)
      OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this research is to educate the dental community on the effects of hypophosphatasia and the clinical manifestations it presents throughout the body and the oral cavity. METHODS: Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited metabolic disorder that has a wide spectrum of disease presentation. Due to 300 types of ALP mutations, HPP has six different major forms: perinatal lethal, prenatal benign, infantile, childhood, adulthood, and odotohypophosphatasia. There are clinical signs presented throughout the body and the oral cavity. Premature exfoliation of primary dentition is the first clinical sign of hypophosphatasia in childhood. Two different studies were reviewed in order to compare similar symptoms of hypophosphatasia. RESULTS: In one case study there were 38 patients who reported similar symptoms. In 15 (39%) of the patients a history of fractures was present. In the same study 21 (55%) of the patients had recurring headaches, 4 (11%) of the patients experienced severe muscle weakness, 23 (61%) experienced recurring muscle pain, and 18 (47%) of the patients exhibited dental abnormalities. In another case study there were 9 patients that reported only dental signs of hypophosphatasia. Dental signs of HPP were shown in childhood in 8 (88%) of the patients. The premature loss of the primary dentition was shown in 7 (77%) of the patients, absent primary dentition in 1 (11%) of the patients, and delayed loss of primary teeth in 1 (11%) of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: Since hypophosphatasia is so rare, more studies are needed on the diagnosis, preventative methods, and treatments. The majority of HPP cases are diagnosed in adulthood which ensures the disorder could have been present during childhood and was overlooked. In order to diagnose the disorder promptly, there should be a thorough medical history and clinical signs must be evaluated. There is no cure or long term prognosis for the hypophosphatasia disorder.
    • Predicting Violence Risk and Recidivism in Female Parolees: A State-Wide Sample

      Britt, Jessica Y.; Patton, Christina L.; Remaker, Dominique N.; Vitacco, Michael J.; Prell, Lettie; Department of Psychiatry (2020-07-20)
    • Cultural humility in internship training: Beyond checking the box

      Britt-Thomas, Jessica Y.; Department of Psychiatry (2022-07-20)
      Preparing psychology interns for practice in forensic psychology requires deep consideration of cultural factors. This cannot be accomplished by embedding a "cultural discussion" into a didactic to check a box for required trainings; internships must cultivate an environment that encourages trainees and supervisors alike to examine and question how our own identities factor into our daily decisions and interactions. Cultural humility requires self-reflection of one’s cultural identities as it relates to others, including privileged and oppressed identities. Having such discussions early and often during the internship year can establish expectations and build a culture of reflection, openness, and ongoing growth.