• Teaching Evidence-Based Practice in the Hospital and the Library: Two Different Groups, One Course

      Blake, Lindsay; Ballance, Darra; Robert B. Greenblatt, MD Library, Georgia Regents University, Augusta, GA (Medical Reference Services Quarterly, 2013)
      Key roles in teaching evidence-based practice (EBP) are of interest to many hospital and academic librarians. This article describes how three academic librarians, in collaboration with the academic medical center's EBP Nursing Council, developed a seminar consisting of three credit hours of instruction in the basics of evidence-based practice. The seminar consists of three core elements: basic principles of EBP and finding literature, clinical experience and integration of knowledge into the hospital setting, and patient education and participation. Emphasis is placed upon analysis of the literature, institutional models of practice change, and the importance of patient roles in guideline development.
    • Tenure-Related Recommendations for Library faculty of Georgia Regents University

      Baker, Camilla B.; Davies, Kathy J; Feher, Virginia; Shipman, Peter; Verburg, Fay L; Waggoner-Angleton,Carol; Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library; Reese Library; Georgia Regents University (2012-10-08)
      The Georgia Health Sciences University (GHSU) Provost, the Vice President for Instruction and Enrollment Management and Associate Provost, and the Augusta State University Vice President for Academic Affairs are requesting the consolidated library faculty to issue recommendations on tenure for new hires and the post-tenure review expectations for the consolidated library faculty. According to the original charge, the report should compare tenure practices of the Georgia Regents University (GRU) consolidated library faculty to the tenure practices and trends of library faculty at benchmark institutions. However, the list of referent and aspirational institutions based on GRU’s potential Carnegie classification has not been finalized. This creates a challenge to identify definitive institutions with which to compare library tenure policies. The consolidated library faculty are members of the USG Corps of Instruction with faculty status and rank and are eligible for promotion. The consolidated library faculty participate in faculty governance, teaching, and scholarly activities at their respective campuses. The information provided by the consolidated libraries should inform the work of the Consolidation Promotion and Tenure Work Team. The following position paper will provide the background, assessment, and recommendations concerning tenure for library faculty in the consolidated libraries.
    • The Tuskegee Syphilis Study: Medical Research versus Human Rights

      Blake, Lindsay (2010)
      The Tuskegee Syphilis Study of the Untreated Male Negro has become a landmark in medical history. Since the existence of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study became public knowledge in the 1970s it has been widely regarded as one of the most blatant examples of medical racism. Knowledge of the experiments is widespread throughout minority. The study has been blamed for low African American participation in medical research by creating distrust of the medical community. Because the study was funded by the Public Health Service (PHS) it has also created a climate of distrust of the government by poor and minority populations across the United States.
    • Two Years in the Life of a Nursing Embedded Librarian

      Burchfield, Vicki; University Libraries (2016-05-15)
      Objective: To demonstrate usage patterns and activities of librarians embedded in a college of nursing after two years of data collection on transactions. Introduction: The Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library at Augusta University began an embedded librarian program within its constituent colleges, including the College of Nursing, in 2012. The College of Nursing has willingly and actively engaged with their embedded librarian (EL), providing an opportunity to analyze how the librarian’s knowledge, skills, and time are being used in order to better target services. The AU College of Nursing has four degree programs and one certificate program, with a total of 1,126 students in FY 2014. For a breakdown of students by degree type for FY 2014, see Figure 1. At present, the College of Nursing has campuses in Augusta and Athens, GA. Many of its programs are offered online. Methods: Two years' worth of usage statistics recorded by embedded librarians in LibAnswers were examined for patterns and trends in utilization of EL services. Interviews were conducted with librarians who acted in the role of EL for the College of Nursing since the inception of the university’s embedded librarian program to gain clues into the ways in which the librarians were active in the college. Results: From April 1, 2014 through March 31, 2016, 465 reference transactions were recorded from the College of Nursing. Of these transactions, 233 (50%) were initiated by students and 149 (32%) by faculty, with the remainder initiated by staff, senior administrators, librarians, and employees of the university’s health system; see Figure 2 for mode of contact by faculty, students, and staff. Student-initiated transactions were primarily basic reference or consultations, while faculty-initiated transactions were more distributed; see Figure 3. More than 50% of student interactions took greater than 15 minutes. 51% of faculty interactions took 15 minutes or less Student-initiated transactions showed a slight spike on Mondays and Fridays, when the EL holds office hours. Within the College of Nursing, the EL is part of the Center for Nursing Research. She holds office hours twice a week on Mondays and Fridays in an office located with the Center for Nursing Research in the College of Nursing. In addition to office hours, the EL participates in the Academic Affairs Committee, Information Technology Advisory Committee, and, at the hospital affiliated with the university, the nurses’ Evidence-Based Practice Council. The EL also leads orientations for each of the degree programs, and faculty frequently link tutorials created by the EL from courses in the university’s learning management system. Conclusions: While the EL does not receive many more questions during office hours than outside of office hours, having a physical presence in the College of Nursing allows the EL to become familiar with faculty and staff. Similarly, attendance at Academic Affairs Committee meetings helps the EL keep track of changes to the curriculum. One possible area for future research is whether there is a disparity in awareness and use of the EL between local and long-distance students and faculty.
    • University Libraries Makerspace Proposal

      Mears, Kim; Logue, Natalie; Kouame, Gail (2017-01)
      A committee of three librarians created this proposal in response to Libraries administration's request to research a possible Makerspace for the Greenblatt Library. The proposal included a review of makerspaces in health sciences libraries, ideas on how to set up and manage such a space, equipment recommendations, and the location of the makerspace within the Greenblatt Library.
    • Using Journal Club to Upgrade Pediatric Residents' Understanding of Evidence-Based Practice

      Hendren, Stephanie; Kouame, Gail; Stuart, Ansley; Shipman, Peter; Ballance, Darra; Yang, Rebecca; Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library (Augusta University, 2018-11-19)
      Objective: To demonstrate how a change from a traditional journal club to an evidence-based assignment in a pediatric hospital strengthened collaboration between hospital residents and medical librarians. Methods: The pediatric department at Augusta University Medical Center decided to revise their existing journal club model to better meet requirements for evidence-based practice content. They approached the Robert B. Greenblatt, M.D. Library to collaborate on a new approach to the assignment. Each third-year resident selected a patient they treated to develop a PICO question, research the literature, and present the findings. The librarians, on average, rounded twice and had an additional meeting with each resident in order to complete the assignment. Librarians worked with the residents in developing answerable research questions, searching the databases, and providing methods to analyze results. Results: The first cohort of 13 residents completed their assignments. At the end of each rotation, the resident presented the patient and findings to the other residents and attending physicians at a designated morning report. Residents also discussed how the literature did or did not apply to their particular patient scenario, and whether the standard hospital procedure was in line with the published evidence. A group discussion about the presented literature directly followed each presentation. Afterwards, a librarian evaluated each resident on specific EBM competencies. Conclusions: The evidence-based assignment offers a different way to engage residents with medical literature and librarians outside a journal club. Residents gained hands-on experience of searching the literature for a specific patient problem and had a platform to share their knowledge with their peers. Librarians utilized the one-on-one interactions to provide tailored literature search instruction based upon the resident’s research topic and results found. A second cohort began in July 2018 and will continue through June 2019.
    • Variations in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) mapping: from the natural language of patron terms to the controlled vocabulary of mapped lists

      Gault, Lora V; Shultz, M; Davies, Kathy J; Robert B. Greenblatt, MD Library, Medical College of Georgia (Medical Library Association, 2002-04)
      OBJECTIVES: This study compared the mapping of natural language patron terms to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) across six MeSH interfaces for the MEDLINE database. METHODS: Test data were obtained from search requests submitted by patrons to the Library of the Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, over a nine-month period. Search request statements were parsed into separate terms or phrases. Using print sources from the National Library of Medicine, Each parsed patron term was assigned corresponding MeSH terms. Each patron term was entered into each of the selected interfaces to determine how effectively they mapped to MeSH. Data were collected for mapping success, accessibility of MeSH term within mapped list, and total number of MeSH choices within each list. RESULTS: The selected MEDLINE interfaces do not map the same patron term in the same way, nor do they consistently lead to what is considered the appropriate MeSH term. CONCLUSIONS: If searchers utilize the MEDLINE database to its fullest potential by mapping to MeSH, the results of the mapping will vary between interfaces. This variance may ultimately impact the search results. These differences should be considered when choosing a MEDLINE interface and when instructing end users.
    • Volunteer clinical faculty: are they satisfied?

      Ballance, Darra; Robert B. Greenblatt MD Library (2012-04)
      Objectives: Discuss which intrinsic and extrinsic rewards are more valued by Georgia community-based faculty; Discuss any differences between the 2008 and 2011 surveys; Discuss what can be done to retain community-based faculty.
    • When libraries combine: Creating a Georgia Regents University Libraries website

      Mears, Kim; Feher, Virginia (Association of College & Research Libraries, 2015-09-29)
      This paper is chapter 12 within the book Difficult decisions: Closing and merging academic libraries (S. Holder & A. Lannon (Eds.)). This publication explores all of these aspects of library consolidation through commentary, research, and case studies written by librarians with experience navigating these events. Individual chapters address either the entire process of a consolidation or closure, multiple aspects of one or more experiences, or one aspect that is particularly important such as communicating with faculty or using data to make decisions about collections. Difficult Decisions: Closing And Merging Academic Libraries is a comprehensive resource for library administrators faced with making these decisions, librarians asked to assist with these challenging projects, and anyone working in a library undergoing a merger.
    • A Whole New Ballgame: Teaching Evidence Based Practice in the Hospital

      Blake, Lindsay; Ballance, Darra; University Libraries (2012-05)
      Objective: A CE course was created for librarians and nurses to educate both groups on the use of Evidence-Based Practice in the hospital setting. We want to expand this course to suit other health professionals. Setting: A Health Sciences University in Georgia. Design: Three Librarians worked together to create a comprehensive review of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). The course was created in three parts to cover the basics tenets of EBP, how to apply EBP to the hospital setting, and integrating patient preferences into EBP and patient care. MLA CE credit was obtained for Librarians and Georgia Nursing Association contact hours were obtained for nurses. Participants were given a pre-test and post. IRB approval was granted by the hospital and the academic institution. Findings: Through numerous classes taught to both nurses and librarians we found that EBP knowledge was improved after the 3 hour course. Comments revealed some areas for improvement. Both groups wanted more techniques for evaluating articles to determine if they are evidence-based and wanted more details on statistical information found in these articles. Nurses wanted more information on how to directly apply results, and how to conduct evidence-based research themselves. Conclusion: Because the use of EBP is spreading to more health professions, we are working on redesigning the course to appeal to a wider audience. Physicians have opportunities to receive EBM training, but there are fewer training avenues for nursing and allied health professionals outside of academia. We hope to redevelop our course to appeal to these groups and bring EBP from the colleges into the practice setting.