• The Influence of Ethnicity on Visual Analog Scale Pain Ratings: Pre- and Post-Radiofrequency Application for Pain of Zygapophyseal Joint Origin

      Rogg, Schuyler A; Martinez-Lu, Kianfa; Martin, Dan C; Williams, Gwendolyn O; Hammonds, William D; Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine (American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians, 2010-02)
      Increased scrutiny of the allocation of health care dollars makes the identification of factors influencing treatment outcomes important. Few studies have examined the relationship between ethnicity and the efficacy of chronic pain management interventions (as opposed to acute pain syndromes). Radiofrequency application (RFA) is a common treatment modality for pain due to zygapophyseal joint (z joint) disease. This survey reviewed the efficacy of RFA in African American (AA) and non-Hispanic Caucasian patients. This study is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent RFA to the L3, L4 medial branch nerves, dorsal ramus of L4, and the accessory nerve from the S1 dorsal ramus to the L5-S1 z joint.
    • Severe Compartment Syndrome Following Extravasation of Fluids in a Critically Ill Neonate

      Martinez-Lu, Kianfa; Weatherred, Ted; Florentino-Pineda, Ivan; Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine (Society for Pediatric Anesthesia, 2009-03)
      Intravenous therapy is generally a safe and effective way to administer different therapies to patients of all ages. Despite its ubiquitous use in modern medicine, it is not devoid of complications. Hematoma formation, phlebitis, infection, and tissue infiltration are some common complications of the use of peripheral IV catheters. Here we report a case in which peripheral IV fluid extravasation caused severe compartment syndrome in a critically ill preterm neonate undergoing exploratory laparotomy in the NICU.