• Mild Functional Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation Following Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Retrospective Study

      Pant, Sadip; Neupane, Pritam; Pant, Om Biju; Paudel, Raju; Kumar, M. P. Kavin; Vijayashankar, C. S.; Shrestha, Rajendra Man; Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care (2011-04)
      Background:: Ischemic mitral regurgitation is a frequent complication of acute coronary syndrome. It primarily occurs in patients with a prior myocardial infarction but also may be seen with acute ischemia, a setting in which the MR typically resolves after the ischemia resolves. The vast majority of patients have â functionalâ ischemic MR. In these individuals, the papillary muscles, chordae, and valve leaflets are normal. However, the leaflets do not coapt and restricted leaflet motion is frequently noted on echocardiography. Ischemic mitral regurgitation indicates a poor prognosis after acute myocardial infarction. This study addresses the clinical characteristics of patients of acute coronary syndrome with mild functional ischemic mitral regurgitation and its impact on immediate in-hospital cardiovascular outcomes and death.