Browsing College of Allied Health Sciences by Subjects
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Human vs Machine: A Systematic Review of Automated Bead-Based Multiplex Immunoassay PerformanceAutoimmune diseases are important contributors to morbidity and mortality in the United States. Researchers have identified more than 20 subtypes of antinuclear antibodies (ANAs), which are the hallmark of autoimmune diseases (1). Reliable, rapid ANA tests with acceptable sensitivity and specificity are in high demand for the timely diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune diseases (2,3). The gold standard for ANA detection is manual indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) with Hep-2 cells. This method is highly sensitive but has several flaws. It relies heavily on highly skilled morphologists which may lead to reader bias, and increased inter-laboratory variation (2,4). This study is a systematic review of the currently available multiplexed systems (i.e., Bioplex 2200, AtheNA Multi-Lyte ANA and FIDIS Connective 10) that might serve as alternative methods for detection of ANAs in the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases (5).
Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Receptor as a Prognostic Factor for Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisBreast cancer is the “malignant proliferation of epithelial cell lining the ducts or lobules of the breast” (1). Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer affecting women and the second leading cause of cancer death among women. Insulin-like growth factors are potent mitogens that have a role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Overexpression of IGF-1R is thought to cause an increased risk in tumor metastasis and tumorigenesis. The aim of this project is to conduct a systematic review of IGF-1R expression in breast cancer and its relationship to patient survival. Our hypothesis is that increased insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor expression leads to poor prognosis in breast cancer patients.