Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorSmith, Teresita Maria
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-11T23:15:23Z
dc.date.available2020-06-11T23:15:23Z
dc.date.issued2003-03
dc.identifier.urien
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/623389
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the relationships among demog·raphic variables- of grade, age, gender, and race; self-_concept related to home, school,. and peer; and internal and external locus of control on tobacco use among rural BJack and White preadolescents using a cross-sectional design. The sample consisted of 666 preadolescents •in grades 4 and 5, ages 8 through 12, and enrolled in public schools in east central Georgia. Five elementary schools met the inclusion criteria of being located in a rural county with a population < 25,000, and also with > 50% Black student enrollment. Individual classrooms were randomly selected in 3 of the-schools. All fourth and fifth graders were selected in the other 2 schools. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi-square, t test, and 6 . . logistic regression. Independent variables were self-concept and locus·of control. The dependent variable was tobacco use as being use or never use. The 54-item self-report survey was compri_sed of 4 brief scales: the Student Information Data . Form; the. Hare Self-Este.em Scale; the Nowicki-Strickland Children's Locus of Control. Scale; and the Tobacco Use Self-Report. Data were collected during Fall 2002 and involved 2 steps: (1) Explanation of the study and th~opportunity to participate were provided to the students (parental consent and child assent forms were obtained fro~ those agreeing to participate), and (2) data collection was ·conducted using_ the self-report survey form.· The study.found that tobacco use.rs totaled 9.2°/o' of the sample, which was gre.ater than the· rural norm of 4.2% to 5%. The sample of Black participants was _ large, s·1. 7%, as compared to previous studies with 0% to 20%, an~ was representative of the population. Those who used tobacco 'were more likely to be ' . boys (OR= 2.66, p = ~0005); have low:home sel.f-concept s.core (OR=. 0.91, p = .0003); have low school self-concept score (OR= 0.91, p < .0001 ); and have external locus of control (OR·= 2.05, p = .008) than those who did not use tobacco. Further studies· are recommended that may identify other contributing factors of tobacco use among rural preadolescents, such as diet, exercise, health, and sociodemographic variables.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright protected. Unauthorized reproduction or use beyond the exceptions granted by the Fair Use clause of U.S. Copyright law may violate federal law.en_US
dc.subjectSelf-Concepten_US
dc.subjectLocus of Controlen_US
dc.subjectTobaccoen_US
dc.titlehe relationship between self-concept and locus of control on tobacco use among rural black and white preadolescents: a comparative studyen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSchool of Graduate Studiesen_US
dc.description.advisorN/Aen_US
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophyen_US
dc.description.committeeTingen, Martha; Waller, Jennifer; Bennett, Gerald; Pless, Betsy; Topp, Robert; Alberto, June; Bunting, Shelia;en_US
refterms.dateFOA2020-06-11T23:15:23Z


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
Smith_Teresita_PhD_2003.pdf
Size:
5.909Mb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record