21st Annual PKP Student Research and Fine Arts Conference: Oral Symposia V
How does Industrial Concentration Prepare an Economy for Business Cycle Change?This analysis will examine the relationship between the business cycle and industry concentrations across Georgia and South Carolina, with employment being the industry measurement of concentration. The concentration measure will be the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI). Although typically used to determine market concentration within an industry, this analysis will utilize the HHI to calculate the concentration levels across different industries within the Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) of Georgia and South Carolina. Data will be collected over 2004 through 2016 to include prominent business cycle periods. It is hypothesized that highly concentrated MSAs will suffer the impact of recession periods, more than less concentrated MSAs. This research will inform the workforce, residents, and policymakers, of Georgia-South Carolina, with a better understanding of the impact of recessions on their local communities.
Impacts of Cultural Barriers on HealthcareCivil unrest and the emergence of terrorist groups have caused humanitarian crises in Middle Eastern countries that has led to an influx of Arab refugees and asylum seekers to the United States. This paper explores both the causes and effects of cultural differences and discrimination on healthcare outcomes for Middle Eastern patients in Western cultures. Relationships between Middle Eastern patients and Western health care providers are often plagued by mutual misunderstanding of culturally influenced values, including contrasting views of family roles in medicine, communication styles, religious beliefs, and attitudes regarding preventative care and illness. These cultural differences combined with increased systemic discrimination since 9/11 have not only created barriers in access to healthcare, but have intensified the need for healthcare in Middle Eastern populations who exhibit higher premature birth rates, increased prevalence of mental health disorders and chronic health conditions including PTSD, hypertension, and Diabetes, and decreased screening and vaccination rates compared to white Americans. The key to bridging the cultural gap between Western medicine and Arab patients and providing quality healthcare that will improve, rather than impede their healthcare lies in cultural understanding through education, relationship-building, and respect.
"Illegal": Job Attainment and Socio-Economic Status among First-Generation Mexican Americans, 1980s-2000sBetween the 1980s to 2000s, Mexican Americans greatly transformed American society by leaving an imprint on culture, education, and the workforce that continues to resonate today. However, their successes did not come easy as they were challenged with numerous stereotypes, which, in turn, effected the jobs they received and their socio-economic status within society, overall. Upon immigrating into the United States, first-generation Mexican Americans struggle with finding stable jobs as their illegal status carried a negative connotation that was influenced by the increase of Hispanic gang violence in the 1980s. Even today, a Mexican American living in the United States may face a limited job market affecting their socio-economic status due to said negative stereotypes.