21st Annual PKP Student Research and Fine Arts Conference: Oral Symposia III
The Spaces They Occupied: Women as the Determiners of Success in the French RevolutionThis presentation examines how during the French Revolution, limited by Enlightenment ideals as to their proper place and sphere, women were forced to participate in means outside the system's framework. Vocally and purposefully excluded from the public sphere women nevertheless found ways in which to exert influence and actively participate. I contend that the vehement cries for recognition, inclusion, and equality provided a force against which the Revolutionary leaders were critically able to sharpen and strengthen their ideals and movement. The role of counter-revolutionary women is not only important in the amount of agency women were able to obtain and exert on this alternative side, specifically in the realm of religion, but is of significance for the position it provided in opposition to the movement of Revolutionary women. There is no single moniker or definition one can ascribe to the entirety of women during the period of the French Revolution, there is no single category or demographic, but this presentation will analyze how certain "deviant," "ugly, militant monsters," "ornamental," "helots," and "counter-revolutionaries" made certain the ultimate success of the revolution even in its inherent nature as a Revolution structured against the inclusion of women in the public sphere.
Delusional Disorder in the Narrator of MaudAlfred Tennyson's poem, Maud, was written from the perspective of a narrator madly in love with the titular character. The narrator goes through different phases throughout the text during which his interpretations of his surroundings, including his natural and relational environments, change with each passing event. During these changes, the narrator exhibits symptoms of mental disorders, including PTSD, bipolar disorder, and various delusional disorders. The narrator's depressive yet frenzied moods and his obsessive thoughts, the majority of which point to delusional disorder evident in the erotomaniac and persecutory types, begin to push him towards insanity. This presentation aims to delve into each of the symptoms of the narrator and how his delusions distort his interpretations of his relationships. An analysis of the text shows multiple instances in which the narrator shares his intense feelings. The narrator has been scarred by his father's death to such an extent that the beauty of nature around him morphs into a disfigured, bleeding landscape. He loves Maud obsessively; he will do almost anything to be with her. Finally, he loathes her brother for obstructing his relationship with Maud. Eventually, his delusions leave him a tormented individual who cannot find respite from his troubled mind.
UNCONSCIOUSLY IN THE CLOSET: REPRESSED QUEERNESS IN "ANOTHER COUNTRY"When analyzed through the lenses of queer theory and Freudian psychoanalysis, James Baldwin's novel Another Country becomes a study of the male homosocial continuum, repressed queerness, and defense mechanisms. The character Rufus Scott encapsulates repressed male homosexual desire, especially with respect to his closest friend, Vivaldo. This paper will explore how the male homosocial continuum is disrupted and the psychological consequences of this disruption on queer men through Rufus's actions, particularly when they are considered in the context of his relationship with Vivaldo. Due to the aforementioned disruption, Rufus idealizes heterosexuality. Consequently, he represses his queerness, resulting in reaction formation - causing him to act as if he is straight - and displacement - causing him to place his sexual feelings and anger towards Vivaldo on his girlfriend, Leona. These defense mechanisms manifest in an erotic triangle between the three through which the two men communicate their desire for each other. Although Rufus is dead for a substantial portion of the novel, his influence lives on through the characters who survive him, so his emotions and behaviors during his life are of critical importance.