• Effectiveness Community-Oriented Policing from the perspectives of officers in an urban community

      Wilson, Jacob; Department of Sociology, Criminal Justice, & Social Work; Powell-Williams, Tood; Department of Sociology, Criminal Justice, & Social Work; Augusta University (2018-02-12)
      There are many different types of policing modelsranging from Police-Oriented policing, zero tolerance policing, and community-oriented policing. Community-oriented policing is a policing philosophy that focuses on utilizing the relationships with the public in order to maintain order. The purpose of this research was to determine how effective community-oriented policing was in Richmond County. This was achieved by gaining different perspectives on the topic by law enforcement that worked at the Richmond County Police Department. Eight law enforcement officers were interviewed to in order to gain more insight on the topic. Furthermore, research was conducted in regards to studying the department by analyzing the data it makes known to the public. After conducting my research, the overall consensus from the officers was that community-oriented policing was an effective policing model. Interviews and data showed that there could be improvement in particular areas, such as patrol routes and zones, but they did not inhibit the model's effectiveness.
    • Effects of Withholding Cell Phones on Students' Autonomic Arousal, State Anxiety, and Test Scores

      Recinos, Manderley; Streets, Hannah; Gaffney, Jasmine; Department of Psychological Sciences; Johnson, Michelle; Augusta University (2019-02-13)
      Approximately 85% of Americans aged 18-29 have smartphones. Many people report that they get agitated when their phones are not immediately accessible.Researchers studying the links between phone use and academic performance have focused on their disruptive nature (e.g., texting). No research has examined the effects of withholding phones during testing on test performance. The objective of this study was to assess whether withholding phones during testing affected students state anxiety, skin conductance (SC), and test scores. State anxiety is situationally determined, transitory, and associated with autonomic nervous system activation. SC (sweat gland secretions) is an index of sympathetic nervous system activation. We expected higher levels of self-reported state anxiety, higher levels of SC, and lower test performance among students who had their phones withheld compared with students who kept their phones. Eighty-six students participated. There were three conditions: phones withheld but kept in the same room as testing condition (n= 31), phones withheld but sequestered in a different room (n= 28), and control where students were not separated from their phones (n= 27). One-way MANOVA revealed no differences between the groups in state anxiety, SC or test scores. Data did reveal interesting trends we would like to discuss.
    • The Fifty-First State: How Americanization Through the Military Transformed South Korea's Politics and Culture

      Welsh, Grace; Pamplin College; Albert, Craig; Department of Political Science; Bratton, Angela; Department of History, Anthropology, & Philosophy; Leightner, Jonathan; Hull College of Business; Augusta University (2018-02-12)
      Currently, the United States continually maintains a military presence in the South Korea even after the Korean War. This has greatly affected Korean culture through the widespread use of English. As such, the notion of Americanization developed through militarization and is referred to as the action of making something American in character or nationality. Instead of rejecting the influence of the United States, Korean culture localized what was once globalized through modern popular culture. Since the late 1990's and early 2000's, Korean Pop (Kpop) music, films, and Kdramas (television shows) have grown substantially in popularity and productionresulting in a strong international following. Many examples of American influences, such as the military,are seen in these entertainment fields because ofglobalization and localization (glocalization). This paper investigates the effects of Americanization through militarization from the Korean War on South Korea's current military. By examining different time frames, current examples of Korean pop culture will be utilized to explain localized American influences regarding the military.
    • Fighting Fear with Fire: A Political Analysis of the Rohingya Conflict in Myanmar

      Latremouille, Georgia; Department of Political Science; Albert, Craig; Department of Political Science; Augusta University (2018-02-12)
      Political instability in Myanmar has been a reoccurring pattern since the country's independence in 1948 with ethnic conflict playing a central role in these issues. Most recently, the Rohingya ethnic group has been involved in a deadly ethnic war against Myanmar's government military. If politicians aim to end this war and seek to prevent future conflicts, it is necessary to examine why ethnic conflicts occur in the first place. This study aims to understand the question: what is the cause of the Rohingya conflict and why is it occurring? I address this question by examining relevant theories of ethnic conflict and utilizing such theories to make an assertion about why the Rohingya conflict is occurring. Ignoring the issue of why these types of conflicts occur has negative consequences for future policy and peacemaking strategies.
    • I'll Take My Artifacts with Tea: Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century British Archaeology in Mesopotamia

      Young, Rachel; Department of History, Anthropology, & Philosophy; Bratton, Angela; Department of History, Anthropology, & Philosophy; Turner, Wendy; Department of History, Anthropology, & Philosophy; Augusta University (2018-02-12)
      This project analyzes the research doneby British archaeologists in the nineteenth and early to mid-twentieth centuries in Mesopotamia, as well as their interpretations of their findings, their motivations for research, and their reasons for how they interpreted what they found. This is achieved by examining the primary sources of writings of people such as Austen Henry Layard, George Smith, Gertrude Bell, and Henry Rawlinson. Most current research on the relationship between Britain and the Near East focuses on modern topics relating to political science, topics such as wars, terrorism, and oil crises. Because of the current wanton destruction of artifacts by terrorist groups and the instability their terrorism has caused in the Near East, it is crucial to analyze the circumstances surrounding the original discoveries and interpretations of these pieces. In order to explore and understand the artifacts found in Mesopotamia in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, this project analyzes the writings of British archaeologists and examines the sociopolitical environment in Britain at the time of these excavations. Understanding these motivations through studying primary sources is crucial to preserving the identity and knowledge available from these artifacts.