Inactivation of the WASF3 gene in prostate cancer cells leads to suppression of tumorigenicity and metastases
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AbstractBackground:: The WASF3 protein is involved in cell movement and invasion, and to investigate its role in prostate cancer progression we studied the phenotypic effects of knockdown in primary tumors and cell lines.
Methods:: ShRNA was used to knockdown WASF3 function in prostate cell lines. Cell motility (scratch wound assay), anchorage independent growth and in vivo tumorigenicity and metastasis were then compared between knockdown and wild-type cells.
Results:: Increased levels of expression were seen in high-grade human prostate cancer and in the PC3 and DU145 cell lines. Inactivation of WASF3 using shRNAs reduced cell motility and invasion in these cells and reduced anchorage independent growth in vitro. The loss of motility was accompanied by an associated increase in stress fiber formation and focal adhesions. When injected subcutaneously into severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) mice, tumor formation was significantly reduced for PC3 and DU145 cells with WASF3 knockdown and in vivo metastasis assays using tail vain injection showed a significant reduction for PC3 and DU145 cells. The loss of the invasion phenotype was accompanied by down-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 9.
Conclusions:: Overall, these observations demonstrate a critical role for WASF3 in the progression of prostate cancer and identify a potential target to control tumorigenicity and metastasis.
CitationBr J Cancer. 2010 Sep 28; 103(7):1066-1075