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dc.contributor.authorLovett, Ilene
dc.contributor.authorPlotkin, Alexander
dc.contributor.authorLand, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorCoe, Genevieve
dc.contributor.authorGontee, Precious
dc.contributor.authorLee, Jacob
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-09T14:58:27Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-09T14:58:27Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/601026en
dc.descriptionPoster presented at the 17th Annual Phi Kappa Phi Student Research and Fine Arts Conferenceen
dc.description.abstractCytotoxic T Lymphocytes (CTLs) are the major effectors of the host cancer immune surveillance. FasL-induced cytotoxicity is one of the two effector mechanisms that CTLs use to kill tumor cells. Fas is the physiological ligand of FasL and its expression and function is often deregulated in cancer cells. Ceramide is a sphingolipid metabolite that mediates Fas function. We aimed at testing the hypothesis that ceramide analogs are effective in modulating Fas function to sensitize colon carcinoma cells to FasL-induced apoptosis by tumor-specific CTLs. We show that Fas is expressed in human colon carcinoma cells. However, hu- man colon carcinoma cells are not sensitive to FasL-induced apoptosis. Based on structures of existing ceramide analogs and ceramidase inhibitors, we used rationale design and synthesized twenty ceramide analogs as putative Fas function modulators. Six of these twenty ceramide analogs, IG1, IG2, IG3, IG4, IG5 and IG6, exhibit potent activity in sensitization of human colon carcinoma cells to FasL-induced apoptosis. In the molecular mechanism level, we observed that all these six ceramide analogs dramatically increased FasL-induced activation of caspase 8, an essential initiator caspase of the Fas receptor-death-inducing signaling complex. Funding Source: Augusta University Research Institute
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.subjectT-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxicen
dc.subjectFas Ligand Proteinen
dc.subjectCeramidesen
dc.subjectCaspasesen
dc.titleCaspase 8 Activation in Colon Carcinoma Cells to Enhance Fasl-Induced Cytotoxicity by Tumor-Specific Cytotoxic T Lymphocytesen_US
dc.typeOtheren
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Chemistry and Physicsen
dc.description.advisorLebedyeva, Irynaen
html.description.abstractCytotoxic T Lymphocytes (CTLs) are the major effectors of the host cancer immune surveillance. FasL-induced cytotoxicity is one of the two effector mechanisms that CTLs use to kill tumor cells. Fas is the physiological ligand of FasL and its expression and function is often deregulated in cancer cells. Ceramide is a sphingolipid metabolite that mediates Fas function. We aimed at testing the hypothesis that ceramide analogs are effective in modulating Fas function to sensitize colon carcinoma cells to FasL-induced apoptosis by tumor-specific CTLs. We show that Fas is expressed in human colon carcinoma cells. However, hu- man colon carcinoma cells are not sensitive to FasL-induced apoptosis. Based on structures of existing ceramide analogs and ceramidase inhibitors, we used rationale design and synthesized twenty ceramide analogs as putative Fas function modulators. Six of these twenty ceramide analogs, IG1, IG2, IG3, IG4, IG5 and IG6, exhibit potent activity in sensitization of human colon carcinoma cells to FasL-induced apoptosis. In the molecular mechanism level, we observed that all these six ceramide analogs dramatically increased FasL-induced activation of caspase 8, an essential initiator caspase of the Fas receptor-death-inducing signaling complex. Funding Source: Augusta University Research Institute


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