Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease in Adolescents and Adults through the Transcendental Meditation(®) Program: A Research Review Update.
AbstractThe pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular diseases are thought to be exacerbated by stress. Basic research indicates that the Transcendental Meditation(®) technique produces acute and longitudinal reductions in sympathetic tone and stress reactivity. In adolescents at risk for hypertension, the technique has been found to reduce resting and ambulatory blood pressure, left ventricular mass, cardiovascular reactivity, and to improve school behavior. Research on adults with mild or moderate essential hypertension has reported decreased blood pressure and reduced use of anti-hypertensive medication. The technique has also been reported to decrease symptoms of angina pectoris and carotid atherosclerosis, to reduce cardiovascular risk factors, including alcohol and tobacco use, to markedly reduce medical care utilization for cardiovascular diseases, and to significantly decrease cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality. These findings have important implications for inclusion of the Transcendental Meditation program in efforts to prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases and their clinical consequences.(®)Transcendental Meditation and TM are trademarks registered in the US. Patent and Trademark Office, licensed to Maharishi Vedic Education Development Corporation and are used with permission.
CitationBarnes VA, Orme-Johnson DA. (2012). "Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease in Adolescents and Adults through the Transcendental Meditation Program®: A Research Review Update". Current Hypertension Reviews, Vol. 8, pp. 227-242.
AffiliationGeorgia Prevention Institute
- Clinical and Pre-clinical Applications of the Transcendental Meditation Program in the Prevention and Treatment of Essential Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease in Youth and Adults.
- Authors: Barnes VA, Orme-Johnson DW
- Issue date: 2006 Aug 1
- Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease. Part 3: Clinical and policy implications of research on the transcendental meditation program.
- Authors: Walton KG, Schneider RH, Salerno JW, Nidich SI
- Issue date: 2005 Winter
- Psychosocial stress and cardiovascular disease Part 2: effectiveness of the Transcendental Meditation program in treatment and prevention.
- Authors: Walton KG, Schneider RH, Nidich SI, Salerno JW, Nordstrom CK, Bairey Merz CN
- Issue date: 2002 Fall
- Review of controlled research on the transcendental meditation program and cardiovascular disease. Risk factors, morbidity, and mortality.
- Authors: Walton KG, Schneider RH, Nidich S
- Issue date: 2004 Sep-Oct
- A controlled study of the effects of the Transcendental Meditation program on cardiovascular reactivity and ambulatory blood pressure.
- Authors: Wenneberg SR, Schneider RH, Walton KG, Maclean CR, Levitsky DK, Salerno JW, Wallace RK, Mandarino JV, Rainforth MV, Waziri R
- Issue date: 1997 Jan