• Capital and technical assistance needs of Georgia’s health-related nonprofits: An exploratory study

      Daniel, Jerry B.; Green-Caldwell, Cherysh; Albany State University, Turner County Connection-Communities In Schools of Turner County, Inc. (Georgia Public Health Association, 2016)
      Background: Nonprofit organizations, particularly those related to health and human services, are involved in addressing needs of the American population. They provide an array of services in small and large communities throughout the United States. Compared to for-profit organizations, health-related nonprofits are increasing in number. Despite having a substantial share of the health care market, nonprofit organizations face difficulties delivering services to those in need. The difficulties faced by rural nonprofits may be greater than those for their urban counterparts. The impetus for this study came from Healthcare Georgia Foundation’s goal of strengthening nonprofits to address the burgeoning health inequities in Georgia. The purpose was to gain a better understanding of the capital and technical assistance needs of health-related nonprofits. The specific aim was to answer a set of exploratory questions. Methods: This study utilized exploratory, descriptive methodology to examine the capital and technical assistance needs of health-related nonprofits in the state of Georgia. Organizational management staff was used as the unit of analysis. A cross-sectional, correlational design was used to gauge participants’ views about their organization’s current needs. The sample consisted of 48 rural and 45 urban/metropolitan nonprofits. Results: The findings provide information related to the capital and technical assistance needs of rural and urban health-related nonprofits in Georgia and reveal specific needs of nonprofits focusing on health and social services. Conclusions: The results have public health implications for a state that currently faces various public health challenges. Nonprofits located in rural areas could use more technical assistance in reaching their funding goals.
    • A preliminary examination of elevated blood lead levels in a rural Georgia county

      Rustin Chrstopher; Sun, Yu; Calhoun, Chris; Kuriatnyk, Christy; Georgia Southern University, Georgia Department of Health (Georgia Public Health Association, 2016)
      Background: Rural areas are often viewed as lower risk for lead poisoning and toxic exposures seriously impacting development of the brain and central nervous system; this report examines the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels for children <6 years of age in rural Ben Hill County, GA. Methods: Lead surveillance data from the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) were analyzed using SAS®v-9.3 to calculate the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (≥5ug/dL) among those children in Ben Hill County who had been tested for lead; the results were compared to Georgia and national data. Results: A preliminary analysis of 2010-2015 screening data for Ben Hill County indicates that 8.73% (95%- CI: 7.4%-10.1%) of children that were tested for lead exceeded the Centers for Disease Control reference level (≥5ug/dL) and is approximately 3.5 and 2.4 times higher, respectively, when compared to the National (2.5%) and State (3.64%) percentages of children exposed to lead at or above the reference level. Conclusions: While these data are preliminary and more analysis is planned to ascertain the full breadth, source, and scope of the problem, it highlights lead poisoning risks rural communities face that are often overlooked in population-based risk analysis and research on lead exposure in children.
    • A preliminary examination of elevated blood lead levels in a rural Georgia county

      Rustin, Christopher; Sun, Yu; Calhoun, Chris; Kuriatnyk, Christy; Georgia Southern University, Georgia Department of Health (Georgia Public Health Association, 2017)
      Background: Children in Flint, Michigan were exposed to lead at unsafe levels in drinking water bringing renewed interest and national attention to an old public health problem. In Georgia, thousands of children are exposed annually to lead at unsafe levels primarily from paint in homes built before 1978. With lead poisoning typically viewed as an urban problem, rural areas are often considered lower-risk in light of similar lead poisoning risk factors, albeit on a smaller scale. The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels in children <6 years of age tested in rural Ben Hill County, Georgia, a county designated as lower risk. Methods: Lead surveillance data from the Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) were analyzed using SAS®v-9.3 to calculate the prevalence of elevated blood lead levels (≥5ug/dL) among those children in Ben Hill County who had been tested for lead; the results were compared to state and national data. Results: A preliminary analysis of 2010-2015 screening data for Ben Hill County indicates that 8.73% (95%- CI: 7.4%-10.1%) of children who were tested for lead exceeded the Centers for Disease Control reference level (≥5ug/dL). This is approximately 3.5 and 2.4 times higher, respectively, when compared to national (2.5%) and state (3.64%) percentages of children exposed to lead ≥5ug/dL. Analysis also indicated low screening rates, which limits interpretation of population prevalence. Conclusions: Lead poisoning is often viewed as an urban, inner-city problem due to a higher percentage of older homes clustered together, exposing more children, compared to rural areas with homes geographically dispersed. While these data are preliminary and more analysis is planned to understand the problem, it highlights lead poisoning risks rural communities face that are often overlooked in population-based risk analysis and research on lead exposure in children.