• Bound Relativistic Motion in One Dimension

      Dains-McGahee, Sydney; Department of Mathematics (Augusta University, 2021-05)
      This project is a mathematical study of the relativistic dynamics of particles in one dimension moving under forces derivable from a potential. These motions and their nonrelativistic counterparts are described by Hamiltonian systems of differential equations. These Hamiltonian systems are in general nonlinear. Linear algebraic and differential equations are quite easy to solve – their solutions can be determined exactly – although the same cannot be said for nonlinear equations whose solutions can only be approximated (most of the time, with certain exceptions). We use numeric approximations to explore the relativistic and nonrelativistic simple harmonic oscillator and find that, unlike in the nonrelativistic case, the relativistic simple harmonic oscillator is not isochronous. We further study what happens to the period as the energy increases and then extend to exploring and comparing relativistic and nonrelativistic motions and periods for systems with forces given by power law potentials.