Expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and osteopontin (OPN) at histologically negative surgical margins may predict recurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/794
Title:
Expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and osteopontin (OPN) at histologically negative surgical margins may predict recurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma
Authors:
Ogbureke, Kalu U.E.; Weinberger, Paul M.; Looney, Stephen W.; Li, Li; Fisher, Larry W.
Abstract:
Up to 50% of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) recur following surgical resections with conventional â histologically-negativeâ margins. Three members of the SIBLING (Small Integrin Binding LIgand N-linked Gylcoprotein) family of proteins: dentin sialophophoprotein (DSPP); bone sialoprotein (BSP); and osteopontin OPN are upregulated in OSCCs. In this study, we aimed to correlate the expression of DSPP, OPN and BSP as well as three SIBLING-partners, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), at histologically-negative margins of OSCCs with tumor recurrence. Immunohistochemical analyses of the SIBLINGs and MMP expressions at histologically-negative margins of OSCC was carried out in a retrospective study of 20 patients, and the results correlated with tumor recurrence. Each protein was dichotomized as â presentâ (â ¥10% staining) or â absentâ (< 10% staining). The Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value(PV+) and Negative Predictive Value (PVâ ) for recurrence was calculated for each protein, along with their overall diagnostic accuracy, calculated as: (number of true positives + number of true negatives)/ number of patients. OSCC recurred in 9 of 20 patients (45%), a ratio not significantly different from the estimated population recurrence rate of 50% (p = 0.664). Among the SIBLINGs, DSPP and OPN showed the greatest Accuracy with DSPP being more Sensitive (89%) and OPN more Specific (64%). MMP-9 showed the greatest overall Accuracy (80%), slightly less Sensitivity (67%) and more Specificity (100%), than either DSPP or OPN. MMP-9 showed a superior positive PV than either DSPP or OPN. The negative PVs of OPN and MMP-9 were almost identical, and inferior to DSPP. We conclude that DSPP, OPN, or MMP-9 expressions at histologically-negative surgical margins predict OSCC recurrence with MMP-9 being the preferred predictor. These proteins may identify patients who could benefit from more extensive resection, or from adjunct treatments such as radiotherapy.
Citation:
Oncotarget. 2012 Mar 11; 3(3):286-298
Issue Date:
11-Mar-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/794
PubMed ID:
22410369
PubMed Central ID:
PMC3359885
Type:
Article
ISSN:
1949-2553
Appears in Collections:
Department of Oral Rehabilitation: Faculty Research and Publications

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorOgbureke, Kalu U.E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorWeinberger, Paul M.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLooney, Stephen W.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLi, Lien_US
dc.contributor.authorFisher, Larry W.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-26T20:30:45Z-
dc.date.available2012-10-26T20:30:45Z-
dc.date.issued2012-03-11en_US
dc.identifier.citationOncotarget. 2012 Mar 11; 3(3):286-298en_US
dc.identifier.issn1949-2553en_US
dc.identifier.pmid22410369en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/794-
dc.description.abstractUp to 50% of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs) recur following surgical resections with conventional â histologically-negativeâ margins. Three members of the SIBLING (Small Integrin Binding LIgand N-linked Gylcoprotein) family of proteins: dentin sialophophoprotein (DSPP); bone sialoprotein (BSP); and osteopontin OPN are upregulated in OSCCs. In this study, we aimed to correlate the expression of DSPP, OPN and BSP as well as three SIBLING-partners, matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3), and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), at histologically-negative margins of OSCCs with tumor recurrence. Immunohistochemical analyses of the SIBLINGs and MMP expressions at histologically-negative margins of OSCC was carried out in a retrospective study of 20 patients, and the results correlated with tumor recurrence. Each protein was dichotomized as â presentâ (â ¥10% staining) or â absentâ (< 10% staining). The Sensitivity, Specificity, Positive Predictive Value(PV+) and Negative Predictive Value (PVâ ) for recurrence was calculated for each protein, along with their overall diagnostic accuracy, calculated as: (number of true positives + number of true negatives)/ number of patients. OSCC recurred in 9 of 20 patients (45%), a ratio not significantly different from the estimated population recurrence rate of 50% (p = 0.664). Among the SIBLINGs, DSPP and OPN showed the greatest Accuracy with DSPP being more Sensitive (89%) and OPN more Specific (64%). MMP-9 showed the greatest overall Accuracy (80%), slightly less Sensitivity (67%) and more Specificity (100%), than either DSPP or OPN. MMP-9 showed a superior positive PV than either DSPP or OPN. The negative PVs of OPN and MMP-9 were almost identical, and inferior to DSPP. We conclude that DSPP, OPN, or MMP-9 expressions at histologically-negative surgical margins predict OSCC recurrence with MMP-9 being the preferred predictor. These proteins may identify patients who could benefit from more extensive resection, or from adjunct treatments such as radiotherapy.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2012 Ogbureke et al.en_US
dc.subjectResearch Papersen_US
dc.titleExpressions of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), and osteopontin (OPN) at histologically negative surgical margins may predict recurrence of oral squamous cell carcinomaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC3359885en_US
dc.contributor.corporatenameCollege of Dental Medicine-
dc.contributor.corporatenameMedical College of Georgia-
dc.contributor.corporatenameCollege of Graduate Studies-

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in Scholarly Commons are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.