ENCODING OF EPISODIC EVENTS BY THE RETROSPLENIAL CORTEX

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621883
Title:
ENCODING OF EPISODIC EVENTS BY THE RETROSPLENIAL CORTEX
Authors:
Fox, Grace Ellen
Abstract:
Fear is an adaptive response that permits organisms to reduce or avoid danger. In many animal species, behavioral correlates of fear can be seen, which highlights its essential role in survival; conversely, inappropriate and exaggerated fears are a hallmark of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety-related disorders. Recently, the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has been implicated for long-term storage of fear-related memories. However, the basic physiological properties of RSC cells as well as their response to fearful events remained largely unexplored. Our experiments demonstrate that excitatory principal cells within RSC layers 2&3 and 5&6 contain multiple physiologically distinct sub-populations that are differentially affected by ketamine. We also demonstrate the novel finding that the RSC utilizes the specific-to-general cell-assembly logic for processing neural information about fearful experiences. Taken together, these results illustrate that the RSC generates a cell assembly-level representation of fear memory engrams and supports the pursuit of the RSC as a therapeutic target for anxiety-related disorders.
Affiliation:
Department of Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicine
Issue Date:
8
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621883
Type:
Dissertation
Description:
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Appears in Collections:
Department of Neuroscience & Regenerative Medicine Theses and Dissertations; Theses and Dissertations

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorFox, Grace Ellenen
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-07T22:04:52Z-
dc.date.available2018-08-07T22:04:52Z-
dc.date.issued8/7/2018en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621883-
dc.descriptionThe file you are attempting to access is currently restricted to Augusta University. Please log in with your NetID if off campus. Record is embargoed until 8/28/2020en
dc.description.abstractFear is an adaptive response that permits organisms to reduce or avoid danger. In many animal species, behavioral correlates of fear can be seen, which highlights its essential role in survival; conversely, inappropriate and exaggerated fears are a hallmark of psychiatric disorders, such as anxiety-related disorders. Recently, the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has been implicated for long-term storage of fear-related memories. However, the basic physiological properties of RSC cells as well as their response to fearful events remained largely unexplored. Our experiments demonstrate that excitatory principal cells within RSC layers 2&3 and 5&6 contain multiple physiologically distinct sub-populations that are differentially affected by ketamine. We also demonstrate the novel finding that the RSC utilizes the specific-to-general cell-assembly logic for processing neural information about fearful experiences. Taken together, these results illustrate that the RSC generates a cell assembly-level representation of fear memory engrams and supports the pursuit of the RSC as a therapeutic target for anxiety-related disorders.en
dc.subjectFearen
dc.subjectanxiety disordersen
dc.subjectretrosplenial cortexen
dc.subjectlarge-scale in vivo recordingen
dc.subjectketamineen
dc.titleENCODING OF EPISODIC EVENTS BY THE RETROSPLENIAL CORTEXen
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Neuroscience and Regenerative Medicineen
dc.language.rfc3066en-
dc.date.updated2018-08-07T22:04:52Z-
dc.description.advisorTsien, Joeen
dc.description.committeeBlake, David; Brann, Darrell; Dhandapani, Krishnan; Terry, Alvinen
dc.description.degreeDoctor of Philosophy with a Major in Neuroscienceen
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