A systematic review of lifestyle interventions for chronic diseases in rural communities

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621481
Title:
A systematic review of lifestyle interventions for chronic diseases in rural communities
Authors:
Smith, A Selina; Ansa, Benjamin
Abstract:
Background: Rural Americans suffer disproportionately from lifestyle-related chronic diseases (e.g., obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and breast cancer). Interventions that consider the distinctive characteristics of rural communities (e.g., access to healthcare, income, and education) are needed. As an initial step in planning future research, we completed a systematic review of dietary intake and physical activity interventions targeting rural populations. Methods: Manuscripts focused on dietary intake and physical activity and published through March 15, 2016, were identified by use of PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches. Results: A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria. Six involved randomized controlled trials; 7 used quasi-experimental designs; 4 had a pre-/post-design; and 1 was an observational study. Eight studies were multi-site (or multi-county), and 3 focused on churches. Primary emphasis by racial/ethnic group included: African Americans (6); Whites (2); Hispanics (3); and two or more groups (7). Most studies (17) sampled adults; one included children. Two studies targeted families. Conclusions: Additional lifestyle intervention research is needed to identify effective approaches promoting healthy diet and exercise and chronic disease prevention in rural communities. Studies that include rigorous designs, adequate sample sizes, and generalizable results are needed to overcome the limitations of published studies.
Affiliation:
Augusta University
Publisher:
Georgia Public Health Association
Journal:
Journal of the Georgia Public Health Association
Issue Date:
2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621481
Additional Links:
A systematic review of lifestyle interventions for chronic diseases in rural communities
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
jGPHA Volume 5, Number 4 (2016)

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSmith, A Selinaen
dc.contributor.authorAnsa, Benjaminen
dc.date.accessioned2017-06-07T19:52:48Z-
dc.date.available2017-06-07T19:52:48Z-
dc.date.issued2016-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/621481-
dc.description.abstractBackground: Rural Americans suffer disproportionately from lifestyle-related chronic diseases (e.g., obesity, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and breast cancer). Interventions that consider the distinctive characteristics of rural communities (e.g., access to healthcare, income, and education) are needed. As an initial step in planning future research, we completed a systematic review of dietary intake and physical activity interventions targeting rural populations. Methods: Manuscripts focused on dietary intake and physical activity and published through March 15, 2016, were identified by use of PubMed and CINAHL databases and MeSH terms and keyword searches. Results: A total of 18 studies met the inclusion criteria. Six involved randomized controlled trials; 7 used quasi-experimental designs; 4 had a pre-/post-design; and 1 was an observational study. Eight studies were multi-site (or multi-county), and 3 focused on churches. Primary emphasis by racial/ethnic group included: African Americans (6); Whites (2); Hispanics (3); and two or more groups (7). Most studies (17) sampled adults; one included children. Two studies targeted families. Conclusions: Additional lifestyle intervention research is needed to identify effective approaches promoting healthy diet and exercise and chronic disease prevention in rural communities. Studies that include rigorous designs, adequate sample sizes, and generalizable results are needed to overcome the limitations of published studies.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherGeorgia Public Health Associationen
dc.relation.urlA systematic review of lifestyle interventions for chronic diseases in rural communitiesen
dc.subjectlifestyle interventionen
dc.subjectdietary intakeen
dc.subjectphysical activityen
dc.subjectchronic diseaseen
dc.titleA systematic review of lifestyle interventions for chronic diseases in rural communitiesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAugusta Universityen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the Georgia Public Health Associationen
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