Reducing Tobacco Dependence: Evaluation of Tobacco Cessation Education on a Stroke Unit

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/600766
Title:
Reducing Tobacco Dependence: Evaluation of Tobacco Cessation Education on a Stroke Unit
Authors:
Cook-McKnight, Crystal
Abstract:
Background: Tobacco use is the number one preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.It is a leading cause of cerebrovascular disease, and tobacco users are three times more likely to have a stroke compared to non-tobacco users. Georgia is among the highest rates of tobacco use and stroke in the U.S. Evidence based tobacco cessation interventions are available; however, they are are underutilized by clinicians. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate if a brief educational intervention related to tobacco cesssation interventions compared to the current practice impacted the attitudes, beliefs, intentions and knowledge of tobacco cessation counseling of healthcare professionals on a stroke unit.Methods: A 45 minute presentation based on a guideline with the most current recommendations was provided to clinicians on a stroke unit. A pre-post survey evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and intentions of 29 nurses and a respiratory therapist related to tobacco cessation interventions in a tertiary care hospital in Georgia.Results:Tobacco counseling and treatment knowledge increased significantly from pre- to post-training. Average correct answers post survey was 76% versus the pre survey of 24%. Attitudes, beliefs and intentions were moderately correlated to improved self confidence. Conclusion: Overall, healthcare professionals exhibited improved tobacco cessation knowledge. Attitudes, beliefs and intentions were moderately impacted.
Affiliation:
Department of Physiological and Technological Nursing
Issue Date:
Mar-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/600766
Type:
Other
Language:
en_US
Description:
Poster presented at the 2016 Graduate Research Day
Appears in Collections:
Department of Physiological & Technological Nursing: Student Research and Presentations; 2016 Graduate Research Day

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCook-McKnight, Crystalen
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-07T18:26:15Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-07T18:26:15Zen
dc.date.issued2016-03en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10675.2/600766en
dc.descriptionPoster presented at the 2016 Graduate Research Dayen
dc.description.abstractBackground: Tobacco use is the number one preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States.It is a leading cause of cerebrovascular disease, and tobacco users are three times more likely to have a stroke compared to non-tobacco users. Georgia is among the highest rates of tobacco use and stroke in the U.S. Evidence based tobacco cessation interventions are available; however, they are are underutilized by clinicians. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to evaluate if a brief educational intervention related to tobacco cesssation interventions compared to the current practice impacted the attitudes, beliefs, intentions and knowledge of tobacco cessation counseling of healthcare professionals on a stroke unit.Methods: A 45 minute presentation based on a guideline with the most current recommendations was provided to clinicians on a stroke unit. A pre-post survey evaluated the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and intentions of 29 nurses and a respiratory therapist related to tobacco cessation interventions in a tertiary care hospital in Georgia.Results:Tobacco counseling and treatment knowledge increased significantly from pre- to post-training. Average correct answers post survey was 76% versus the pre survey of 24%. Attitudes, beliefs and intentions were moderately correlated to improved self confidence. Conclusion: Overall, healthcare professionals exhibited improved tobacco cessation knowledge. Attitudes, beliefs and intentions were moderately impacted.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.subjectTobacco Use Cessationen
dc.subjectHealth Knowledge, Attitudes, Practiceen
dc.subjectIntentionen
dc.subjectSurveys and Questionnairesen
dc.titleReducing Tobacco Dependence: Evaluation of Tobacco Cessation Education on a Stroke Uniten_US
dc.typeOtheren
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Physiological and Technological Nursingen
dc.description.advisorMcLear, Bethen
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